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Maternity Benefits Act, 1961

The Maternity Benefits Act, 1961 aims at regulating employment of women employees all over the country. The act provides 12 weeks as the maximum period for which any working woman shall be entitled to maternity benefit. She can avail this benefit as 6 weeks up to and including the day of her delivery and 6 weeks immediately following the day of her delivery. (Section 4)

Applicability of the Act

The Act applies to:

• Every factory, mine or plantation (including those belonging to Government),
• An establishment engaged in the exhibition of equestrian, acrobatic and other performances, irrespective of the number of employees, and
• Every shop or establishment wherein 10 or more persons are employed or were employed on any day of the preceding 12 months.

Eligibility & Conditions for Claiming Benefits

The Act lays down that any women employed, whether directly or through any agency, for wages in any establishment is eligible to claim maternity benefits if she is expecting a child and has worked for her employer for at least 80 days in the 12 months immediately preceding the date of her expected delivery. (Section 5)

A woman looking forward to maternity benefits could ask the employer to give her light work for a month. Such request should be made atleast 10 weeks before the date of her expected delivery. At that time she needs to produce a certificate confirming her pregnancy. (Section 5)

Also she needs to give a written notice to the employer about 7 weeks before the date of her delivery regarding her absence period pre and post delivery. (Section 5).

Cash Benefits

• Leave with average pay for 6 weeks before and 6 weeks after the delivery.
• Medical bonus of at least Rs. 1000 extending to Rs. 20000 if the employer is unable to provide free medical care to the women employee.(Section 8) (Amended on 15-04-2008)
• Additional leave with pay for upto 1 month on production of proof, revealing illness due to pregnancy, delivery, miscarriage, or premature birth. (Section 10)
• In case of miscarriage, 6 weeks leave with average pay from the date of miscarriage. (Section 9)

Non Cash Benefits/Privilege

• Light work for 10 weeks before the date of expected pregnancy if she asks for it.
• Two nursing breaks in the course of her daily work until the child attain age of 15 months. (Section 11)
• In case of tubectomy operation leave with wages for 2 weeks. (Section 9A)
• No discharge or dismissal while being on maternity leave. (Section 12)
• No change to her disadvantage in any of the conditions of her employment while on maternity leave. (Section 12)
• Pregnant woman discharged or dismissed may still claim maternity benefit from the employer. (Section 12)

Women employee who is dismissed on grounds of gross misconduct loses her rights under the Act for Maternity Benefit.

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